10 most common types of hacking on the Internet – guide how to protect yourself

10 most common types of hacking on the Internet – guide how to protect yourself

Most people are oblivious to the fact that they are prone to malicious hackers when they are browsing the internet. After all, what could happen with a couple of hours of social media browsing and shopping for bargain deals online?

It is easy to be trapped with the false sense of security online until you start getting alerts that your credit card has been used to purchase items that you’ve never heard of. And if luck isn’t on your side, you may rack up thousands of dollars in debt for items you’ve never bought.

Here comes the truth.

The internet isn’t a safe place to be. Beneath the innocent websites that you frequented daily, there are a great number of hackers on the prowl. These hackers prey on unsuspecting users, hoping to leverage a breach of security to their advantage.

At Netcore, we’re concerned about security when it comes to online activities. It helps to understand the common methods hackers engage and what you can do to prevent the attacks.

Here’s a list of the most commonly employed hacking methods.

1. Bait And Switch

The fact is, advertising is a huge revenue generation model websites and social media alike. While many of the ads that you encountered online are genuine, there are some that are placed with malicious intents. Some sites are easily identified as a potential threat when it has ads littered all over the place.

Once you’ve clicked on any of those malicious ads, you’re putting your device at risks to a series of secondary attacks.

Best Way To Protect Yourself
While some security software can protect you from being redirected to hostile sites, it’s better to be more selective in the ads that you’re clicking. In short, avoid clicking ads from doubtful sites.

2. Fake WAP

If you’re thinking that cyber attacks always involves a mysterious hacker furiously coding behind the screen, you’re wrong. Sometimes, simple manipulation of the network name can fool many typical internet users. Also termed as fake WAP, this attack involves creating a different WiFi network that mimics the name of nearby legitimate public hotspots.

If you have a habit of logging to a guest network of a cafe without questioning the legitimacy of it, you’re at risk for exposing sensitive data to the hackers implementing fake WAP attack.

Best Way To Protect Yourself
Encrypting your connection with services like VPN helps to prevent anyone from eavesdropping on your data. But it’s wiser to always check with the employee of the cafe or hotel on the legitimate SSID of the hotspot that you’re trying to connect to.

3. Cookie Theft

No. We’re not talking about the delicious cookies that keep putting inches to your waistline. The cookie is a term that refers to specific files that a website would send onto your local storage to keep track of activities.

It’s helpful to retain your browsing preferences on a device, but if the cookies fell into the hands of hackers, they can replicate your identity on a different browser. Hackers usually route the data exchange to their machine to get the cookies without you being aware of it.

Best Way To Protect Yourself
You’ll want to ensure that the connection between your devices and the respective websites are encrypted. Ensure that the website is running on https or you could turn on the VPN service for total protection.

4. DDoS Attacks

Servers are powerful computers that seem to have infinite processing capability. But in reality, there are physical limitations to the number of requests a server could process simultaneously before crashing down. A DDoS, or Denial of Service attack employs a mechanism where multiple computers are turned into bots beyond their will to flood the target server with excessive requests.

In general, your device will suffer little damage even if it’s infected with DDoS malware. But our team at Netcore hates the idea of having their computers turned into zombies against its server.

Best Way To Protect Yourself
It’s a good idea to clean up any DDoS bot residing in your computer with anti-malware software. Once that’s done, you will want to set up a VPN that breaks up any potential connection between your computer and the DDoS control server.

5. Phishing

To a certain extent, we are gullible for adding up to the statistics of cyber thefts and other cases of online attacks. This can happen in the form of an authentic-looking email which draws you to click a link that seems legitimate, except that it brought you to a replica payment site that looks indifferent from the original.

Without hesitation, you entered your credentials that allow access to banking information or other sensitive information. And your nightmare began.

Best Way To Protect Yourself
While security software can warn you of the impending threats of certain websites, you are the best defense in the case of phishing. Always call and verify with banking institutions before responding to any emails. And pay attention to the URL of the sites to detect any phony links.

6. Clickjacking

You wanted to watch your favorite TV series on a site, and when you click play, a pop up appears and take you into a certain app on Playstore. You ought to be relieved if that’s the only thing that happens with that click. Clickjacking is about placing invisible UI on top of what you see on the browser.

Often, clicks can lead to popping up of advertisements or in some instances, automatic downloads of malware without your knowledge. Some hackers go to the extent of activating your microphone and camera for malicious intent.

Best Way To Protect Yourself
You’re going to put together a few tools to stand a chance in avoiding clickjack-ed. An ad-blocker offers basic protection of the annoying popups when you click on the website’s UI. Installing a secure VPN helps to prevent your browser from redirecting to the malicious site as intended by the hacker.

7. Credential Reuse

Out of the blue, you received an alert that someone is attempting to log into your Facebook from a country on the opposite side of the world. And you start finding you’re being barred from accessing your regular membership sites.

It only takes one major breach on a server storing your credentials to start a chain of attacks on every single site that you’re storing sensitive information and securing them with the same credential.

Best Way To Protect Yourself
The bad news is, no security software installed on your device could prevent hackers from making their way to the secured storage of a website. But you can minimize the risk and damages by using different credentials on different sites.

8. IoT Attacks

You’ve heard of IoT, or Internet of Things. The idea of a self-replenishing refrigerator sounds cool. So does, having control of every single electrical appliance in on your mobile. Behind the convenience of IoT devices presents a danger in the form of IoT attacks.

Most devices are primitive when security is concerned. Hackers could gain access to unprotected devices with ease and turn them into a swarm of hostile nodes and launch a significant attack on a targeted server. You wouldn’t want your smart fridge to be part of such evil doings.

Best Way To Protect Yourself
Unlike computers, you couldn’t fully encrypt the communication of the IoT devices without losing the ability to control them too. At this moment, you’ll want to hope that the hardware engineers are doing their best in implementing the required security features on the IoT stack.

9.SQL Injection

It’s beyond belief that many websites storing sensitive information are vulnerable to one of the most conventional cyber attacks, i.e., SQL injection. It’s a simple operation where the hacker applies a series of SQL command to disastrous consequences.

For instance, the hacker may gain access to the database not privy to the public, or an entire database can be deleted in an instance, wreaking havoc on the entire operation.

Best Way To Protect Yourself
Unfortunately, there’s nothing much you can do to prevent an SQL injection attack unless you’re the owner of an unsecured website. Our team at Netcore often advise web owners to implement a Web Application Firewall and other preventive measures to prevent such attack.

10. Browser Locker

You’ll be absolutely furious when you’ve fall victim to a conventional attack known as browser locker. Because you’ll be fooled into thinking that your computer has been locked and you risk losing everything if you do not obey (and pay) the hackers to get your screen unlocked.

Often, browser lockers are scare tactics that employ pop-up windows that couldn’t be closed. Your information will usually remain intact throughout the ordeal. Of course, it’s natural that you wouldn’t want to risk anything if you have precious information on the device.

Best Way To Protect Yourself
The source of activating a browser locker often lies in malicious ads. Get a security software installed on your device, and you’ll be alerted when you’re clicking on ads that would compromise the safety of your device.

Bottom Line

Like it or not, hackers are constantly innovating new techniques to challenge the most secure protection on the internet. Besides equipping yourself with a reliable VPN, anti-malware programs and other security software, you’ll want to be a smarter user on the internet.Hacker with pc and two screens

 

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